ПРИМЕРЕН ПРИЕМЕН ИЗПИТ ПО АНГЛИЙСКИ ЕЗИК
I. Grammar Test
(целта на този тест е да провери усвоените знания за граматичния строеж на езика: глаголни времена, съгласуване на времената, употреба на предлози и съюзи, словоред, идиоми. Минимумът точки за положителен резултат (среден 3) е 5.Към отговорите даваме и кратки разяснения)
1. What time (a) have (b) were (c) did (d) are you go to bed last night?
2. I hope he doesn’t keep us (a) waiting (b) to wait (c) wait (d) for waiting.
3. Would you Iike something to drink? – I (a) were (b) had (c) - (d) would rather have something to eat.
4. He asked me (a) since when I am waiting (b) how long I have been waiting (c) how long I had been waiting (d) since when I waited
5. Everybody spoke very quietly (a) for not to (b) in order not to (c) to don’t (d) so not to wake the baby.
6. I don’t agree (a) with (b) for (c) in (d) after everything she says.
7. Can you really insure yourself (a) for (b) from (c) to (d) against unemployment?
8. I’m afraid your driving license is (a) over (b) out of (c) past (d) behind date, sir!
9. All those (a) for (b) to (c) with (d) in favor of the motion, raise your hands.
10. Never (a) put (b) set (c) do (d) turn off until tomorrow what you can do today.
1. (с) – минало просто време, въпросителен словоред посредством спом. гл. DO.
2. (а) – конструкция с гл. keep, който изисква употреба на герундий ( -ing форма).
3. (d) – идиом, съставен от спом. гл. would, наречието rather и инфинитив на смислов глагол, означаващ „предпочитам”.
4. (с) – илюстрира се съгласуването на времената; забележете близостта до (b); както и продължителния вариант на перф. вр. за подчертаване на изтеклото време.
5. (b) – съставен съюз; и трите останали варианта са неграматични.
6. (а) – предлог.
7. (d) – предлог; from би вървял с protect например.
8. (b) – идиом.
9. (d) – идиом.
10. (а) – идиом, фразеологичен глагол.
II. Vocabulary Test
(целта на този тест е да провери усвоените знания за словния състав на езика)
1. I (a) passed (b) had (c) brought (d) made a
lovely holiday in
2. How would you like to come and (a) pass (b) bring (c) spend (d) make Christmas with us?
3. Robin Hood (a) stole (b) robbed (c) thieved (d) broke into the rich and gave to the poor.
4. Take (a) advantage (b) profit (c) benefit (d) exploit of the chance to do some sightseeing while you are here.
5. They’ve been engaged for ten years, and now they are getting married at (a) stroke (b) length (c) one time (d) last.
6. How are you feeling today? - (a) Not too bad (b) So and so (c) Down and out (d) Just as well
7. He’s only pulling your (a) leg (b) jacket (c) arm (d) nose.
8. There is a (a) want (b) fault (c) lack (d) need of skilled craftsmen in the industry.
9. Frank has a house in the (a) outskirts (b) edges (c) limits (d) suburbs.
10. He’s having (a) the time (b) some fun (c) a go (d) the run of his life.
1. (b) – pass участва в израза to pass the time.
2. (с) – както по-горе
3. (b) – другите глаголи са подходящи в друг контекст, а steal изисква и from. Освен това rob включва личния конфликт.
4. (а) – всъщност идиом.
5. (d) – идиоматичен израз; at length ще е уместен, за да кажем „накрая”, но без нюанса „най-после”.
6. (а) – другите изрази също са реални, но означават различни неща.
7. (а) – идиом; с nose има израз lead someone by the nose.
8. (с) – want и need означават „нужда”, но в индивидуален план; fault пък е „грешка” или „вина”. Фактически смисълът тук е „недостиг”.
9. (d) – outskirts и limits биха вървели в съчетание със city, т.е. не самостоятелно.
10. (а) – идиоматичен израз: „така добре, както никога през живота си”.
III. Reading Comprehension
(подобно на горните два теста, и тук измежду няколко елемента се подбира подходящият, но в случая не отделна дума, а фраза или част от изречение – ще намерите четворките с възможни фрази след текста. Контекстът винаги дава еднозначно решение. Точките са общо 5, така че за минимален успех се изискват 2)
Collecting wild mushrooms in autumn is a harmless sort of madness, and an old tradition with the Catalans. Some people say that they do not really enjoy eating their wild mushrooms: the taste they enjoy (1) ……………. knowing that the mushrooms did not cost anything! The tradition is so strong that even people who work and live in the big cities, and who (2) ……………. the countryside, will be struck with the madness and rush out on a fine Sunday morning in October. Clever restaurant owners offer Sunday lunchtime dishes made from various species of wild mushrooms, so that those townspeople can say they have eaten them (3) ……………. their own in the woods. So, on a typical October Sunday morning, Cristofol Balaguer announced to his family that he had decided to take them into the country for lunch. his wife, Nuria, sighed, because (4) ……………. once the signs of the wild mushroom madness. The children said nothing, because they knew that (5) ……………. a thousand years of Catalan tradition.
(1) A. just by B. without even C. comes from D. very much for
(2) A. have lost all contact with B. are resident in C. take a great interest in D. they no longer have anything to do with
(3) A. when they are on B. even though they couldn’t find C. as they don’t need to find D. as long as they couldn’t eat
(4) A. it was B. they had C. her husband hadn’t been for D. she recognized at
(5) A. they had their turn to experience B. there was nothing for C. it was useless to argue against D. their father was ignoring
(подчертаваме по-трудните думи. Необходимо е да нямате повече от 15 грешки за минимален успех)
Soon it would be too hot. Looking out from the hotel balcony shortly after eight o'clock, Kerans watched the sun rise behind the dense groves of giant gymnosperms crowding over the roofs of the abandoned department stores four hundred yards away on the east side of the lagoon. Even through the massive olive-green fronds the relentless power of the sun was plainly tangible. The blunt refracted rays drummed against his bare chest and shoulders, drawing out the first sweat, and he put on a pair of heavy sunglasses to protect his eyes. The solar disc was no longer a well-defined sphere, but a wide expanding ellipse that fanned out across the eastern horizon like a colossal fire-ball, its reflection turning the dead leaden surface of the lagoon into a brilliant copper shield. By , less than four hours away, the water would seem to burn.
Usually Kerans woke at five, and reached the biological testing station in time to do at least four or five hours' work before the heat became intolerable, but this morning he found himself reluctant to leave the cool, air-curtained haven of the hotel suite. He had spent a couple of hours over breakfast alone, and then completed a sixpage entry in his diary, deliberately delaying his departure until Colonel Riggs passed the hotel in his patrol boat, knowing that by then it would be too late to go to the station. The Colonel was always eager for an hour of conversation, particularly when sustained by a few rounds of aperitif, and it would be at least eleven-thirty before he left, his thoughts solely upon lunch at the base.